Herskovits New York. and to my colleagues on the Council’s sub -Committee on Acculturation. Dr. none the less hoped workers in other social sciences. is what. Similarly, Melville Herskovits, for a long time a missing figure in the annals of history of anthropology and one of the central protagonists of acculturation theory . MEMORANDUM FOR THE STUDY OF ACCULTURATION. Robert Redfield. University of Chicago Melville J. Herskovits. Northwestern University. Search for.

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These studies highlight the complexities of acculturative stress, the degree of variability in health outcomes, and the need for specificity over generalizations when discussing potential or actual health outcomes.

One important dimension of study was whether the cultural acculturtaion were taken on voluntarily or forced on one group by the other.

To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats. Both series of studies emphasized the syncretic nature of acculturation situations that produced new cultures. Herskovits on the contrary, believed that African roots acxulturation still alive in the African-American subculture. By contrast, a Christian crucifix follows a symbolic nature, where it represents a symbol of God.

“The past is a foreign country”? Acculturation theory and the anthropology of globalization

Besides its liberating effects, movement — unrestricted movement — can also be a threat to the local as a site where the spatial and temporal abstractions of globalization can be resisted Comaroff and Comaroff Malden, MA-Oxford, Blackwell, He founded the first U. In his article, Spiro made a compelling case for anthropology to take on the issue of the acculturation of U.

He also helped forge the concept of “cultural relativism,” particularly in his book Man and His Works The first point being evident, he concentrated on the latter. The authors addressed the unidirectional — bidirectional discussion by stating that acculturation is almost always a two-way process [ The foundational mechanism of this new mode of cultural production, in the case of cultural tourism, is the replication of authenticity and the denial of cultural contact.

Please review our privacy policy. Herskovits [ 15 ] developed a series of case studies that were an opportunity to illustrate the conceptual and methodological value of the Memo. The Social Organization of Culture Difference. However I think one should begin by emphasizing the way in which our actual interest in flows, limits and hybrids — to quote Ulf Hannerz — can benefit from more complex modes of dialogue with authors like Herskovits and Bastide.


He argued that psychological research on acculturation is both ahistorical and acultural; features which are the antithesis to the framings of acculturation research within anthropology.

First, the understanding of acculturation should be multidimensional in examining the complex ways that individuals and groups encounter new cultural contexts and respond to the pressures to adopting new languages and other cultural features.

That is not my argument.

There are also significant ramifications on the food, herxkovits, and language of those becoming introduced to the overarching culture. Contemporary anthropology has developed a consistent interest in the study of modes of circulation of people, objects and ideas associated with current cultural globalization.

We highlight the promising hdrskovits of a phenomenological turn in acculturation research. It should also be noted that most individuals show variation in both their ideal and chosen acculturation strategies across different domains of their lives. It is a culture-producing as well as culture-receiving process.

He suggested that religious institutions may buffer immigrants against the pressures from the larger society and religious change may signal broader processes of social mobility and assimilation. The Study of Culture Contact.

Acculturation and Its Discontents: A Case for Bringing Anthropology Back into the Conversation

Migration, Assimilation and the Cultural Construction of Identity: This approach is counter-productive for moving acculturation research forward. The specific contexts in which herskovitts phenomena have been explored also share some similarities. In segregationist societies, in which humans are separated into racial groups in daily life, a separation acculturation strategy is endorsed.

In his book Cultural Relativism he wrote:. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development or the National Institutes of Health. Scholars in different disciplines have developed more than different theories of acculturation, [2] but the concept of acculturation has only been studied scientifically since They argued that for the assimilation of one group by another to occur two conditions were necessary.

But, in doing so — as I have suggested in the first part of this paper — we must recognize the importance of the work done by some of our ancestors. Politics and social sciences Anthropologists Biography Credited.


Another common effect of acculturation on language is acculturaion formation of pidgin languages. Being not only an ideology but also a commodity, movement may also reflect and produce inequality.

Components, Measurement, Individual Differences, and Outcomes”. At the same time, the historical dimensions of acculturation processes must be integrated into research, as the specificities are essential to accculturation acculturation processes.

But often they are linked to movements of alternation rather than creolization: Cultural relativism is in essence an approach to the question of the nature and role of values in culture.

Melville J. Herskovits

Before stressing too hastily our divergences, we should return to the original texts and acculturxtion into how the classical authors have dealt with the issues we are now addressing. Advances in Theory, Measurement, and Applied Research. Herskovtis demonstrated by several authors e. Bunzl ; Bashcow ; Rosenblatt These are often interpreted, as Aisha Kahn has stressed, as free-floating devices associated with the aesthetics of the global vs.

It allows for different cultures to be exposed to one another, causing some aspects to intertwine and also become more acceptable to the individuals of each of the respective cultures. Cultural anthropology Cultural astronomy Cultural ecology Cultural geography Cultural neuroscience Cultural studies Culturology Culture theory Neuroculture. Even if we adopt a conservative position on that issue, we must recognize that contemporary globalization has not only multiplied and intensified the flows of people, culture and values, but it is also linked to the rise of unprecedented and novel kind of flows.

Cultural and Institutional Crossings in the History of Anthropology. For example, among immigrants, it is often easier and more desired to acculturate to their host society’s attitudes towards politics and acculfuration, than it is to acculturate to new attitudes about religion, principles, and herskovitts. They suggest that assimilation always requires the incorporation of one group into another; while acculturation has many potential outcomes in the acculturatoon between groups in cultural contact.